India currently mines more iron ore than domestic industry requires to produce iron and steel. About 220 million tons got mined last year; only 75 million tons was needed within India. The rest 60 per cent was exported. Continue reading
That borewells have depleted groundwater reserves sharply since the 1980s when they were brought on a largescale is something we all know. What is not known is that borewells also increase the groundwater contamination levels and increase the threat of fluorides and arsenic.
We know the world forest cover is at about 31 per cent. We know, too, that the average in India has fallen to about 21-23 per cent in the last 50 years. Felling of forests since 1860 has claimed nearly 60 per cent of what existed then.
A shocker is that Bihar is one of the states with the most scant forest cover: 17 out of the 38 districts in the state have no forest cover at all. In North Bihar, the forest cover is a mere 1.92 per cent.
(Photo source: internet)